An understanding of liver diseases in terms of risk factors and ways to prevent them is essential so that you can stay from a need to undergo liver transplant. Liver transplant in India is performed in cases of liver failure or liver diseases which includes –
- Metabolic diseases.
- Acute and chronic hepatitis.
- Intrahepatic cholestasis.
- Obstructive biliary tract liver disease.
- Traumatic and post-surgical biliary tract disease etc.
Cirrhosis which is hardening and shrinking of liver is the end point of many of the diseases mentioned above. This is caused over several years and the patient in most cases requires a liver transplant surgery in India.
Liver Transplant in India is on the rise and it is regarded that in US alone around 6000 surgeries are done in a year. As per NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information),liver transplant surgeries have increased manifolds in India over last 10-15 years. The majority of transplants are live donor liver transplants.
As it is rightly said that “Prevention is better than cure”, there are many simple steps that can help in prevention ofliver diseases –
- Healthy weight – Obese people are observed to have fatty liver. In order to have a healthy liver, it is important to maintain a healthy body weight.
- Diet rich in fiber and unsaturated fats – A healthy liver requires diet rich in fiber from fresh fruits and vegetables. Oil used for cooking should be unsaturated fats rather than saturated fats.Processed food which includes chips, canned food etc. should be avoided as they contain chemicals which are harmful for the liver
- Exercise regularly – Following an exercise regimen helps in burning triglycerides and can reduce fatty liver. It has been proved that an exercise of 2hrs and 30minutes daily helps in keeping liver fit and increasing the liver enzymes.
- Avoid alcohol/drugs – Alcohol damages liver cells and can create other health problems, so you should consult doctor to know the quantity of alcohol your body can resist.Similarly,habit forming drugs substances such as cocaine, marijuana or opioid analgesics used for purpose other than medical affects liver and should not be consumed.
- Be careful while using certain medicines- Self prescription in case of medicines should not be done. Over dosage or miscalculated dosage of certain medicines like acetaminophen causes liver damage and is responsible for deaths of many people
- Avoid Toxins – Smoking (active/passive) and being in contact of substances such as insecticides, chemicals etc. harms the liver. Thus, it is important to take precautions while using them.
- Contaminated needles or personnel hygiene items – You should take precaution while using needles for vaccination, Tattoo art or piercing ; contaminated or used needles should never be used. Personnel care items like Razors, tooth brushes should never be shared.
- Wash your hands - Follow basic hygiene steps like washing hands after using bathroom and before preparing or having food. Unhygienic practices lead to diseases like Hepatitis B or C.
- Practice safe sex. – Use contraceptives while doing sex, unprotected sex or sex with multiple partners may lead to hepatitis B or C.
- Get Vaccinated – Precaution is always better than cure. It is important to get vaccinated for the disease for which vaccination is available. Currently, it is available for hepatitis B and C.
living donor liver transplants, liver transplant surgery in india, Liver Transplant In India